Before we begin comparing these two languages, we will provide a brief overview of both so that you can get a better understanding of what each language is before we begin our comparison.
What is C++?
Back in 1979, Bjarne Stroustrup, a computer scientist from Denmark, wanted to create an extension to C language that would allow the programming language to utilize classes. From this original desire, C++ was born, and it has since become one of the most popular, widely used general-purpose programming languages in the world.
In many cases, you can point to the best use cases for a specific programming language, but with C++, this is more difficult because it is general purpose. C++ and many of the other C languages are often used as the backbone for programs that give other languages and technologies the chance to stand out.
Now that you have some background information on both of these languages, you can see that we are not really comparing equivalent technologies. Still, it can be informative to look at how these two languages differ from one another in key ways, including:
- Mid-level vs. high-level language
- Dynamic vs. static type
- Compiled vs. interpreted
Mid-Level vs. High-Level Language
Dynamic vs. Static Type
Compiled vs. Interpreted
C++ is a compiled language, which is funny because it is also used as a compiler language too. After you write your C++ code, you need to compile it. Since C++ is a compiled language, it cannot be run until it has been compiled to machine code.
The most common overlapping use case is back-end development, and the less common overlap between these languages is game development.
Typically, a website’s back-end has high-resource requirements. This means handling thousands or tens of thousands of requests simultaneously. In high-resource back-end environments, using a language like C++ is an advantage because it needs fewer resources to handle requests and is able to work faster.
Most video games are programmed with C++ because it is adept at handling complex calculations quickly without consuming too much hardware. This is an extremely important advantage for C++, especially in the realm of real-time online gaming.
If you need help determining which technology or language is right for your next project, reach out to an app development partner. They will provide you with guidance, industry experience, and technical expertise as you bring your idea to life.